Philip K. Dick

BIO LIST OF NOVELS


The prophet writer:

He was called a crackpot by some, and a "visionary among charlatans" by others, but today, Philip K. Dick still remains one of the most influential science fiction writers of our time, with a long list of great novels and short stories.

As an experimental writer in the 50's & 60's, Dick wrote about the need for human empathy, along with tales of love relationships gone bad. In "Confessions of a Crap Artist", Dick writes about jealousy and insults, and makes fun of the newly formed ufo cults of Marin County, CA. In 1962, he wrote a great book about the Axis powers winning the second world war. "The Man in the High Castle" was the name of this novel, winning him a Hugo award in 1963 for best science fiction novel.

Philip K. Dick
 
In 1968, he would write a novel titled: "Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?", which, 14 years later, would become a movie called Blade Runner. Although the movie was based loosely on the novel, watching it gives us some sense of Dick's visionary thought, with the the future looking very dark and bleak.

Dick died of a stroke in 1982, after viewing an advanced screening of the movie. Dick was considered a visionary, humanist and prophet among his many fans, and we can only wonder what the future holds for us now.

Here you can see the covers of the novel that inspired Scott for Blade Runner. The first is the original english cover (that by now is almost a collector piece) and the second one is the last italian edition (the one that I've got too).

My opinion about this book is very good. I've read it in two days! It's a romance much easy, flowing and not too long, but at the same time curious and stimulant. If you

Il mio parere riguardo a questo libro è molto buono. L'ho letto in due giorni! E' un romanzo molto facile, scorrevole e non molto lungo, ma allo stesso tempo curioso e stimolante. If you haven't acquired it yet e and you like the science fiction, I think that the acquiring is a must! You won't repent for it.

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His biography:

Born in 1928, Philip K. Dick died in 1982 (you just need to change the two and the eight, very phildickian process!).

Everything began in Chicago, on the 16th of December, 1928. Philip Kindred and Jane Kindred Dick cried and wept for the first time in their lives. Jane died after 41 days, because of the carelessness of their mother, Dorothy Grant Kindred (who didn't take her to the hospital at the proper time, a money matter). Since then, Phil had a unconscious culpability complex and we can understand perhaps a bit more why he felt anger toward his parents. Moreover, Jane would be found in many phildickian writings later on. Phil's dad, Joseph Edgar Dick, had a nice job indeed: cutting the throats of pigs as an employee of the government. His mother censored official texts of the government's spokesmen. Here again, what feelings went through the young Dick about his parents? Censorship is one of the most important features in Philip K. Dick's writings: distinguishing truth from falsehood, the real from the imagined.

1930 was the year of his departure for Berkeley, CA. In 1932, his parents divorced and three years later he and his mother moved to Washington, DC. 1938: back to Berkeley. In '40, '42 and '43 they moved around in Berkeley. Phil let his friends call him Jim Dick. He entered Hillside School in northern Berkeley. There, his originality made him very popular. His relationship with his mother was very distant, almost cold. Phil wrote some small poems, and other short texts. Already at 13 years old, he was a reader of Astounding and Unknown, published at this time by the well-known John W. Campbell. In these periodicals, he read Asimov and Heinlein, for instance; without forgetting Van Vogt, whose influence on Dick is certain (take a look at 'Solar Lottery'). At 14, he wrote his first novel (lost, alas!) called 'Return to Liliput' (strongly influenced by Swift).

Around 1944-46, he underwent intensive psychiatric treatment against agoraphobia and some other psychological troubles. He entered Berkeley High School in 1944. At 18, he left his mother's flat, where he had been living since his parents' divorce. He moved to a flat shared with artists and homosexual poets; doing so was probably only to show his mother he could manage himself alone, since homosexuality didn't attract him. Besides, he quickly moved out to a small attic apartment, of course still in Berkeley. At this time he suffered tachycardia. He quickly became dependent on the medicines he's prescribed.

In 1947, he received a diploma for finishing high school, and worked in a TV sales and repair shop (they also sold records). Music would remain his great passion: it would stay omnipresent throughout his works. In September 1949, after having moved to a real flat (not just a small attic), he registered at the University of California in Berkeley and studied German and philosophy. During May 1948, Dick married Jeanette Marlin, divorcing at once, six months later; he never saw her again. He met his second wife, Kleo Apostolides, a student at Berkeley, in 1949 and married her in June 1950. Kleo was three years younger than Phil, so she was 19. The house they moved into was full of mice, which explained the large number of cats that could be found at this period at 1126 Francisco st. in Berkeley.

Concerning Dick's reading, he admired various authors, as different as H. P. Lovecraft and Fredrik Brown, and read still and always a lot of Van Vogt. At 24, he began his literary career without an agent; that is, he was trying to put out his short stories with as much success as possible via US mail. His health was growing better.

At the end of 1951, he gave his resignation to the record shop. In June 1952, a certain fellow named Scott Meredith in New York agreed to be his literary agent. 1952 was the time of discoveries like Herbert, Sheckley, Farmer, Aldiss, Silverberg, Vonnegut and many others. In 1954, as Dick finished the manuscript of his first published novel, SOLAR LOTTERY, he and his wife met Poul and Karen Anderson; they stayed good friends. Let's specify that money is a rare thing at the Dicks' of the fifties. An interesting story follows: at this period, the Dicks were contacted by FBI agents, who wanted them to go and study in Mexico and be their informants there. Because of ethics, they refused.

Between 1951 and 58, our author wrote and sold about eighty short stories! In 1954, Dick met Van Vogt at the SF WorldCon in San Francisco. Between 1950 and 1960, he wrote eleven novels of pure fiction, but didn't sell any of them, as you know. Having sold in 1955 SOLAR LOTTERY to Ace Books, a firm that had been printing paperbacks for two years, he managed to write four novels in 1954 and 1955. We underlined Van Vogt's influence, but there also is Vonnegut with his PLAYER PIANO (1952).

Nearing their thirties, Dick and his wife Kleo left Berkeley for Point Reyes in Marin County, CA. Marin County appears in many mainstream phildickian novels. There, he met Anne Williams Rubinstein, born 1927 in St Louis. Five months after their move to Point Reyes, in 1958, Phil and Kleo divorced; he married Anne almost immediately thereafter. Anne already had three children. Beginning with 1959, Dick let his beard grow. On February 25th, 1960, Dick became father of a girl named Laura Archer (Archer is also a very present name in his work). It was reported that the first thing he said after the birth was more or less: "And this is for Jane!". When, in the fifties, Dick wrote his dozen of mainstream novels, it was probably to locate himself in this mainstream literary genre, very 'en vogue' in this period. None were sold and they were returned to him in 1963. Only in 1975, a small editor published CONFESSIONS OF A CRAP ARTIST.

With the beginning of the sixties, he suffered worse and worse breakdowns; the cause of this was the amphetamines that allowed him to hold the speed of sixty pages per day; this was the speed he needed not to starve. He received the Hugo Award (in remembrance of Hugo Gernsback of the AMAZING's beginning) in 1963 for THE MAN IN THE HIGH CASTLE. Starting late 1962, the third marriage began to fail, to really collapse in 1964. The same year, he met Nancy Hackett, 21, fragile and who had just recovered from a nervous breakdown. They moved to San Raphael and were married in 1966. A girl, Isa (abreviation of Isolde), was given to them in 1967, before they moved to Santa Venetia.

Dick's need for amphetamines didn't decline, nor did his long breakdowns. After a stay at the hospital because of a case of pancreatitis that almost cost Dick his life, Nancy left him taking Isa with her in 1970. That was the really dark period in Dick's life; he was in profound despair. Dick filled his empty house in Santa Venetia with junkies. Nevertheless, he fell in love with a young DARK-HAIRED GIRL named Kathy Demuelle.

The 17th of November, 1971, somebody broke into his house. He was convinced it was the CIA. This troubling event starts a paranoia in Dick's mind, for nothing of value has been taken away, just perishable food; it appears to have been more a military operation than a simple burglary, not to mention that his safe was opened with explosives!

Around this period (1972), he met K. W. Jeter and Tim Powers at Cal- State in Fullerton; they attended a lecture by a writing professor named John Schwarz.

The next year, he got many threatening phone calls. He sheltered in Canada without Kathy. There, he gave his famous lecture, THE ANDROID AND THE HUMAN, in Vancouver, first at the University of British Columbia and a day or two later as his Guest of Honor speech at the second annual Vancouver Science Fiction Convention; and met another DARK-HAIRED GIRL named Jamis. Back in California, he stayed in Fullerton where he met first Linda, and then Tessa Busby, whom he married on April 18th, 1973. A son, Christopher, grew of this union the same year. In 1975, he was awarded the John W. Campbell Memorial Award for FLOW MY TEARS, THE POLICEMAN SAID.

At this time, Dick had one of his mystical experiences that explain the almost divine nature of his last novels. His last lecture took place in Metz (France) in 1977. He died in 1982 on a hospital bed, of heart failure, leaving a unfinished novel, THE OWL IN DAYLIGHT.

(C) Copyright 1993 by Joel Margot



Chronological list of his novels:


1952

  • "Beyond Lies the Wub"
  • "The Gun"
  • "The Skull"
  • "The Little Movement"

1953

  • "The Defenders"
  • "Mr. Spaceship"
  • "Piper in the Woods"
  • "Roog"
  • "The Infinities"
  • "Second Variety"
  • "The World She Wanted"
  • "Colony"
  • "The Cookie Lady"
  • "Impostor"
  • "Martians Come in Clouds"
  • "Paycheck"
  • "The Preserving Machine"
  • "The Cosmic Poachers"
  • "Expendable"
  • "The Indefatigable"
  • "The Commuter"
  • "Out in the Garden"
  • "The Great C"
  • "The King of the Elves"
  • "The Trouble with Bubbles"
  • "The Variable Man"
  • "The Impossible Planet"
  • "Planet for Transients"
  • "Some Kinds of Life"
  • "The Builder"
  • "The Hanging Stranger"
  • "Project: Earth"
  • "The Eyes Have It"
  • "Tony and the Beetles"

1954

  • "Prize Ship"
  • "Beyond the Door"
  • "The Crystal Crypt"
  • "A Present for Pat"
  • "The Short Happy Life of the Brown Oxford"
  • "The Golden Man"
  • "James P. Crow"
  • "Prominent Author"
  • "Small Town"
  • "Survey Team"
  • "Sales Pitch"
  • "Time Pawn" (Expanded to Dr. Futurity)
  • "Breakfast at Twilight"
  • "The Crawlers"
  • "Of Withered Apples"
  • "Exhibit Piece"
  • "Adjustment Team"
  • "Shell Game"
  • "Meddler"
  • "Souvenir"
  • "A World of Talent"
  • "The Last of the Masters"
  • "Progeny"
  • "Upon the Dull Earth"
  • "The Father-Thing"
  • "Strange Eden"
  • "Jon's World"
  • "The Turning Wheel"

1955

  • A Handful of Darkness (Collection)
  • Solar Lottery
  • "Foster, You're Dead"
  • "Human Is"
  • "War Veteran"
  • "Captive Market"
  • "Nanny"
  • "The Hood Maker"
  • "The Chromium Fence"
  • "Service Call"
  • "A Surface Raid"
  • "The Mold of Yancy"
  • "Autofac"
  • "Psi-Man Heal My Child"

1956

  • The World Jones Made
  • The Man Who Japed
  • "The Minority Report"
  • "To Serve the Master"
  • "Pay for the Printer"
  • "A Glass of Darkness" (Expanded to The Cosmic Puppets)
  • "Vulcan's Hammer" (Expanded to Vulcan's Hammer)

1957

  • Eye in the Sky
  • The Cosmic Puppets
  • The Variable Man
  • "The Unreconstructed M"
  • "Misadjustment"

1958

  • "Null-O"

1959

  • Time Out of Joint
  • "Explorers We"
  • "Recall Mechanism"
  • "Fair Game"
  • "War Game"

1960

  • Dr. Futurity
  • Vulcan's Hammer

1961

1962

  • The Man in the High Castle

1963

  • The Game-Players of Titan
  • "All We Marsmen" (Serial of Martian Time-Slip)
  • "Stand-By"
  • "What'll We Do with Ragland Park"
  • "The Days of Perky Pat"
  • "If There Were No Benny Cemoli"

1964

  • The Penultimate Truth
  • Martian Time-Slip
  • The Simulacra
  • Clans of the Alphane Moon
  • "Waterspider"
  • "Novelty Act"
  • "Oh, to Be a Blobel"
  • "The War with the Fnools"
  • "What the Dead Men Say"
  • "Cantata 140" (Expanded to The Crack in Space)
  • "A Game of Unchance"
  • "The Little Black Box"
  • "Precious Artifact"
  • "The Unteleported Man" (Expanded to The Unteleported Man)

1965

  • The Three Stigmata of Palmer Eldritch
  • Dr. Bloodmoney, or How We Got Along After the Bomb
  • "Retreat Syndrome"
  • "Project Plowshare" (Expanded to The Zap Gun)

1966

  • Now Wait for Last Year
  • The Crack in Space
  • The Unteleported Man
  • "We Can Remember It for You Wholesale"
  • "Holy Quarrel"
  • "Your Appointment Will Be Yesterday"

1967

  • The Zap Gun
  • Counter-Clock World
  • The Ganymede Takeover (with Ray Nelson)
  • "Return Match"
  • "Faith of Our Fathers"

1968

  • Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?
  • "Not by It's Cover"
  • "The Story to End All Stories for Harlan Ellison's Anthology Dangerous Visions"
  • "The Electric Ant"
  • "A. Lincoln Simulacrum" (Expanded to We Can Build You)

1969

  • Galactic Pot Healer
  • UBIK
  • The Preserving Machine (Collection)

1970

  • A Maze of Death
  • Our Friends from Frolix 8

1971

1972

  • We Can Build You

1973

  • The Book of Philip K. Dick (Collection) (also as The Turning Wheel)

1974

  • Flow My Tears, the Policeman Said
  • "The Pre-Persons"
  • "A Little Something for Us Tempunauts"

1975

  • Confessions of a Crap Artist

1976

  • Deus Irae (with Roger Zelazny)

1977

  • The Best of Philip K. Dick (Collection)
  • A Scanner Darkly

1978

1979

  • "The Exit Door Leads In"

1980

  • The Golden Man (Collection)
  • "Chains of Air, Webs of Aether"
  • "Rautavaara's Case"
  • "I Hope I Shall Arrive Soon"

1981

  • VALIS
  • The Divine Invasion
  • "The Alien Mind"

1982

  • The Transmigration of Timothy Archer
  • Blade Runner (reissue of Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?)

1983

  • The Unteleported Man (restored version)

1984

  • Lies, Inc. (reissue of The Unteleported Man, restored and revised version)
  • The Man Whose Teeth Were All Exactly Alike
  • Robots, Androids, and Other Mechanical Oddities (Collection)

1985

  • Puttering About in a Small Land
  • I Hope I Shall Arrive Soon (Collection)
  • UBIK Screenplay
  • In Milton Lumky Territory
  • Radio Free Albemuth

1986

  • Humpty Dumpty in Oakland

1987

  • The Collected Stories of Philip K. Dick (Complete Collection)
  • Mary and the Giant

1988

  • The Broken Bubble
  • The Dark-Haired Girl (Essays and Letters)

1989

  • Nick and the Glimmung

1990

1991

  • The Selected Letters of Philip K. Dick, Volume 1 1974
  • Welcome to Reality: The Nightmares of Philip K. Dick (Stories in PKD's honor)
  • In Pursuit of VALIS: Selections from The Exegesis

1992

  • The Selected Letters of Philip K. Dick, Volume 4 1975-1976

1993

  • The Selected Letters of Philip K. Dick, Volume 5 1977-1979

1994

  • The Selected Letters of Philip K. Dick, Volume 2 1972-1973
  • Gather Yourselves Together


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